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Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition in which the macula deteriorates due to age. Age related macular degeneration progressively affects vision, especially central vision and the ability to see in low light conditions.
If you have questions about age related macular degeneration and the treatment options that are available, please call us on 0203 369 2020, or request a call back.
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition in which the macula deteriorates due to age. The macula is a small area at the centre of the retina which is responsible for fine and central vision.
There are two types of age related macular degeneration – dry and wet:
Dry age related macular degenerationThis is the most common type that affects the majority of those with age related macular degeneration. With dry AMD, the macula gets thinner over time while small proteins called drusen accumulate under the retina. The deterioration of the macula occurs over several years in the case of dry AMD.
Wet age related macular degenerationThis is a more serious type of AMD that is less common. With wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels from beneath the retina damage the macula by leaking blood and other fluids into the retina. The loss of vision occurs faster than with dry AMD, with sudden distortion of the vision and sudden blurring of the central vision.
Factors that lead to age related macular degeneration include:
Age related macular degeneration is progessive, meaning the condition will worsen over time.Dry AMD symptomsThe following symptoms start to appear as dry AMD progresses:
Wet AMD symptomsWith wet AMD, the symptoms are similar to dry AMD although they progress faster. In addition, the following symptoms are seen:
Treatment for dry AMDThere is no treatment for dry macular degeneration at the moment, but the progression of the condition can be reduced through diet and not smoking. Working with an eye specialist can help with adapting to the changes in vision that will occur over time.
Treatment for wet AMD
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If you have any questions around age related macular degeneration or our service, please feel free to make an enquiry or call us on 0203 369 2020
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